Santiago is the capital and largest city of Chile.
It is located in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, the Chilean central valley, beside the Cordillera Andes.É the cultural, administrative, industrial and financial center of the country, is an agglomeration which has 26 communes with integrity and 11 communes partially. In the conurbation stretching over an area of 641.4 km2 and has a population of over 6 million, which equates to about 36% of the total population of the country, Santiago, moreover, is the seventh most populated city Latin America. Santiago was founded by Spanish Conquistador Pedro de Valdivia on February 12, 1541, under the name of “Santiago de Nueva Extremadura” (in honor of Santiago Apostle, patron saint of Spain). The founding ceremony took place at the “Cerro Huelén” (renamed by Valdivia as Cerro Santa Lucia). So Pedro de Valdivia began the conquest of Chile. This region was chosen for its moderate climate and being beside the Mapocho River. On the advice of the chief picunche Millacura, the city was founded between the two arms of the river.